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Utilitarianism, Institutions, and Justice | The Philosophical Review | Duke University Press
Some ordinalist-utilitarian notes on Rawls' theory of justice. In Stiglitz, J. Google Scholar. Ball, S. Economic equality: Rawls versus utilitarianism. Browning, E. The trade-off between equality and efficiency. Coburn, R. Imposing Risks. Pacific Philos.
Coleman, J. Rawls, Nozick, and educational equality. Public Interest — Danziger, S.
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How income transfers affect work, savings and the income distribution: A critical review. Friedman, L.
Frohlich, N. Laboratory results on Rawls distributive justice. Harsanyi, J. Cardinal utility in welfare economics and the theory of risk taking. Lerner, A.
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Mera, K. Neither the characterisation of particular actions as "just" nor the stringency of the obligation to perform them is affected by the discovery that they might have to be said not to be in the public interest if attention were to be concentrated on the special circumstances of their performance.
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The reason is that it is a mistake, Hume thinks, for such acts to be viewed in isolation from other similar acts. Rather they must be seen as forming part of a scheme or system - a scheme or system which, taken in its entirety, serves the public interest. Hume's theory of justice thus embodies an unusually neat distinction between questions of justice and questions of social utility.follow link
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When questions of justice are allowed to arise which is when the justice of particular acts is to be determined - questions of social utility do not arise. And when questions of social utility are allowed to arise - as they do when property rules have to be evaluated - questions of justice do not arise. Despite the sharp distinction he draws between justice and utility, Hume's theory of justice is clearly a utilitarian one. It is indeed a veritable prototype of the kind of theory now dubbed "rule-utilitarian".
As such it has obvious attractions for would-be utilitarians, if it can be made to work. It would enable utilitarians to offer an account of judgments of justice in terms of rules enjoying the status of secondary principles of morality. Justice judgments could be represented as a special sub-class of moral judgments and the principles regulating them as subordinate to, and derivable from, the principle of utility.
The vexed question of the relation between justice and utility would thereby be resolved without challenge to the assumption that they are different values and also without By contrast, utilitarians for whom the Access options available:. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
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